怎么curb和kerb都是马路牙子的意思? Unknown 2012/12/28

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第一次学会“马路牙子”的英文是在学习curb weight的时候。查了一下,curb是“马路牙子”的意思。

结果今天在网上又看到一个人在提路边停车时,说到kerb side parking。我第一感觉是他拼错了。

谁料到,我一查词典,嘿!还真有这个词,而且这个也是“马路牙子”的意思。

于是我就搜索网上关于两个词的差异了,就扯到美式英语和英式英语的差别了。附录于下:


学英文的人有时候会注意到英式英文与美式英文的差异。其实世界上有很多种类的英文,不只英式和美式两种而已。光是在美国境内就有好多种不同的美式英文的方言。如果你在美国波士顿、纽约、迈阿密、达拉斯、洛杉矶等地区待过的话,你会发现这些地方的发音、字汇、甚至于文法,都跟其它地方稍有不同。同样的,在英国你如果待过伦敦、伯明翰、利物浦、爱丁堡、都柏林等地的话,也会发现各城市的差异。

如果你在宴会上同时碰到一位美国人与一位英国人,几分钟之内就可以凭着他们的对话辨认出来。最明显的线索当然就是发音,例如dance、butter、no、bird等等,不仅子音、元音的咬字有差异,就连重音位置也常常不一样。

英语、美语第二项最明显的差异,就是使用的单字。同样的东西,在美国与英国的称呼不一样。以下举一些最常见的例子:

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          
 美式英语英式英语
公寓apartmentflat
洗手间bathroom/restroomtoilet
罐头cantin
糖果candysweets
洋芋片chipscrisps
饼干cookiebiscuit
玉米cornmaize
对方付费电话collect callreverse charge call
婴儿床cribcot
尿布diapernappy
电梯elevatorlift
橡皮擦eraserrubber
一楼first floorground floor
手电筒flashlighttorch
薯条french frieschips
垃圾桶garbage candustbin
汽油gas,gasolinepetrol
果酱jellyjam
汽车的引擎盖hoodbonnet
生气madangry
数学mathmaths
餐巾、擦嘴巾napkinserviette
丝袜panty-hose,pantihosetights
薯片potato chipscrisp
手提包purse/pocketbookhandbag
足球soccerfootball
来回票roundtripreturn
人行道sidewalkpavement
炉子stovecooker
毛衣sweaterjersey,jumper
卡车trucklorry
汽车后面的行李箱trunkboot
假期vacationholiday

另外一类,拼字的差异比较小,以下是一些例子:

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          
 美式英语英式英语
考古学archeologyarchaeology
目录catalogcatalogue
文明civilizationcivilisation
颜色colorcolour
马路牙子curbkerb
抵抗defensedefence
草稿draftdraught
最爱favoritefavourite
荣誉honorhonour
珠宝jewelryjewllery
组织organizationorganisation
练习practicepractise
轮胎tiretyre


最后放张图,解释一下concrete curb/kerb和steel gutter(排水沟)。都在一张图里了。

concrete-curb_and_steel_gutter_storm_drain

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